Phonics - 

In school we use the Oxford Reading Tree - Floppy's Phonics, DfE validated, systematic synthetic phonics programme.

It is effectively delivered daily to whole classes by class teachers in EYFS and Key Stage 1. Daily whole class phonics lessons in these year groups follow a consistent teaching sequence, which includes review, teach, practise, apply and review. To enable children to ‘keep up’ rather than require ‘catch up’, interventions are delivered to targeted children within phonics lessons and outside of lessons, by class teachers and Teaching Assistants. Half termly assessments are undertaken to identify gaps and monitor progress in Early Years, Key Stage 1 and where appropriate to meet needs, Key Stage 2.

We use sequential and progressive decodable books to secure fluency and confidence in early reading. In Reception, Key Stage 1, and where appropriate Key Stage 2, children are provided with a phonetically decodable home reading book, which is linked to their phonics phase. Once children are secure in phonics, they are provided with a home reading book linked to their book-band reading stage.

Phase 1 starts as the children enter into Nursery and focuses on sound discrimination, environment sounds, instrumental sounds, body percussion, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending and segmenting.
Phase 2 starts as the children enter Reception.  The purpose of this phase is to teach 19 graphemes (letters) and phonemes (sounds) and move children on from oral blending and segmentation to blending and segmentation with letters.
Phase 3 introduces a further 25 graphemes most of them comprising of two letters (e.g. oa) and some comprising of three letters (e.g. igh).  This should enable children to represent 42 phonemes (sound) by a grapheme (letter).
Phase 4 is a consolidation phase, where children are introduced to longer words containing the 42 sounds already known.
Phase 5 is taught throughout Year 1 and broadens their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling.  They also learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations of these and some alternative pronunciations for graphemes they already know. 

Phase 6 is taught throughout Year 2 where children consolidate knowledge of grapheme/phoneme correspondence. This enables them to read hundreds of words through three approaches, reading words by sight (known words), decoding words quickly and quietly and sounding words out loud in order to blend.

Teachers ensure that their teaching develops pupils’ oral vocabulary as well as their ability to understand and use a variety of grammatical structures, giving particular support to pupils whose oral language skills are insufficiently developed.  Phonics is delivered through highly effective ‘quality first teaching’. T

eachers continually assess learning in each lesson to ensure that children are progressing through the phases.


Our phonics curriculum enables children to become confident, fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.

In Year 1, children will take a statutory Phonics Screening Test to assess their phonic knowledge. This takes place in school during the month of June.  Children who do not achieve the required standard in the test may need to be assessed again during Year 2.


Phonics Workshop for Parents - PowerPoint


Developing Phonic Skills - Advice for Parents


Reading with Your Child at Home - Advice for Parents



Have you ever wondered what age you should start reading to your child?

If the answer is yes click here (to download the video) and watch how this baby is interacting with both the book and the reader.